Growth of Biomass as an energy source is set to continue.
Electricity generation from solid biomass grew from 4.8 Mtoe in 2007 to 9.0 Mtoe in 2016. The growth rate over the 2007-2016 period was 7 %. In 2015, Germany's share of the total electricity generated from solid biomass was 17 %. The United Kingdom and Finland had shares of 15 % and 11 %, respectively. In 2016, electricity generation from solid biomass increased again compared with 2015 due to the expansion of biomass cogeneration and the conversion of coal-fired power plants to biomass installations. Again, in the United Kingdom there was a sharp increase in solid biomass electricity generation due to the conversion of a further, third, coal-fired power plant.
The future demand for electricity is growing due to an increasing population and the move towards electric vehicles. The UK government is addressing the future demand by moving towards cleaner energy sources like Biomass, Wind and Solar at an aggressive pace supported by tax breaks and incentives.
Solid biomass remains the most important source of renewable energy for heating. The compound annual growth rate for heat from solid biomass was 7% per year over the period from 2007 to 2016. In 2015, the consumption of solid biomass for renewable heat increased to 75.9 Mtoe, according to an EEA estimate. To realise the expected NREAP levels of solid biomass for 2020, a growth rate of 12 % per year over the remaining period would be needed.
In a global context the demand for biomass continues to grow especially in the area of heat generation and electricity production, where previously coal or other dirty fossil fuels were used. Renewable energy sources in 2016 contributed 19.3% of total energy demand and biomass made up just under half of this at 9.1%. The overall share of renewable energy in total final energy demand has only increased very modestly in recent times, despite tremendous growth in solar and wind, this is due to the persistent strong growth in demand for energy consumption. In addition, the use of traditional biomass for heat, which makes up nearly half of all renewable energy use, has increased, but at a rate that has not kept up with growth in total demand.
Global Renewable Energy Share of Total Final Energy Consumption 2016.
Advantages of Biomass Wood Pellets:
A truly renewable fuel source
Readily available source of energy
Fully tradeable commodity since 2011
Generally Low cost to produce
Environmentally sustainable as long as the wood is sourced from a sustainable source
High energy content when compared to other fuel sources
Biomass reduces carbon emissions by 80% when compared to fossil fuels