What is Biomass Energy?
Biomass energy is when a power station produces electricity by burning plant and animal material. Examples of biomass energy include wood, straw, poultry litter and energy crops such as willow and poplar grown on short rotation coppice.
1. Government Legislation
The U.K. Government has introduced a carbon price floor (CPF) – a tax on fossil fuels used to generate electricity. It came into effect on 1 April 2013. The CPF for coal started at £0.44 ($0.75) per gigajoule, escalating rapidly to £1.63 ($1.77) by 2016, making the economics of coal power generation very challenging. This is why Coal fired stations in the UK are converting to Biomass energy to reduce their CO2 emissions and to avoid large Fines.
2. UK Demand for Electricity